The origin of the name "Wuhan"


Wuhan is the provincial capital of Hubei Province, a famous historical and cultural city in China, and the economic, cultural and information center of central China and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. Wuhan has a long history. As far back as the middle of the Shang Dynasty more than 3000 years ago, an ancient city was built on the North Bank of the Fuhe River, only 30 Li from Hankou. The site was excavated by the Bank of Panlong lake. Wuhan has been an important ancient town since the Shang and Zhou dynasties.

Wuhan is the joint name of Wuchang, Hanyang and Hankou, that is, "three towns of Wuhan". The origin of Wuhan's city name is that the national revolutionary army conquered Wuhan's national government from the modern history, and immediately announced that Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang would be merged as the new capital, and named Wuhan. Hankou as a municipality directly under the central government, Wuchang as a city under the jurisdiction of the province, and Hanyang as a county. After the liberation of the people's Republic of China, the government divided Hankou, Wuchang and Hanyang administration into Wuhan city. The people's Government of Wuhan city is located in Hankou. So far, the three places have become one, which is called Wuhan.


In order to seize Jingzhou with Liu Bei, Sun Quan moved the capital from Jianye (now Nanjing) to e County in the Three Kingdoms period, and changed its name to Wuchang, which means "running the country by force and prospering(in chinese Wu means force)". The name of Wuchang was interchanged with the current city of Ezhou. In 280 ad, the Jin Dynasty changed Jiangxia county to Wuchang County, which was the beginning of the proper name of Wuchang City today, and then Jiangxia until the end of Qing Dynasty. Wuchang Goverment was established by Kangxi . After the revolution of 1911, Jiangxia county was changed to Wuchang County, which became the official name.


The origin of Hanyang is closely related to Hanshui(HanJiang River). The old saying "the north of water is Yang, the south of mountain is Yang". In ancient times, Hanyang was in the north of Hanshui, the south of Guishan, and it was also called Yang because of the place with more sunshine(Yang in chinese means sunshine). In the Tang Dynasty, culture and economy developed rapidly. In the late Qing Dynasty, Zhang Zhidong established Hanyang Iron Works and Hanyang Arsenal in Hanyang, which indicated the official rise of the birthplace of modern Chinese industry.


Before Hankou, it was Jiangxia. Because geography is at the junction of Han River and Yangtze River. It is very convenient for water transportation in this area. Businessmen from all over the country have come to Jiangxia to do business, and it has gradually prospered here. Most of the businessmen who do business here are businessmen from the province; among the foreign businessmen, Shaanxi is the most. Because the birthplace of Han River is just in Shaanxi, and Jiangxia is the outlet of Han River flowing into the Yangtze River. Therefore, people in Western Shaanxi began to call Jiangxia Hankou. They said: Hankou, Hankou, is the exit of the Han River. Over time, this kind of name gradually became a habit. Jiangxia, as a name, didn't know many people. It's more suitable than Jiangxia. "Hankou" has become a formal name.