Loong Boat Festival, also known as Duan Wu Festival, is a multi-ethnic folk festival in ancient China. For more than 2000 years, not only Han families have to celebrate grandly, but also many colorful festivals have been held in many urban and rural villages. At the same time, 26 ethnic minorities in the north and South have also warmly celebrated this grand festival from ancient times to today.
The Loong Boat festival not only loong boat
In fact, this festival was first passed down as an auspicious festival to eliminate disease and plague, avoid war and exorcise evil spirits. In the activities of the Loong Boat Festival, for example, since ancient times, Han people have used colorful silk to wrap zongzi, hand and foot wrists, neem leaves to wrap rice zongzi, mugwort leaves, calamus, realgar wine, drink cinnabar wine, a variety of herbs, Zhong Kui's portrait or evil avoiding rune, etc., which have no relation with the commemoration of Qu Yuan. Even in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, there are some places that regard the Loong Boat Festival as a memorial to Wu Zixu or to Gou Jian, the king of Yue.
It can be seen that the Loong Boat Festival, as a folk festival in various places, has added the contents of commemorating local historical figures. However, as a national folk festival, Loong Boat Festival is to carry out a large-scale activity of avoiding plague and expelling toxin, epidemic prevention and disease as its main content. During the Loong Boat Festival in Xiaoliangshan, Sichuan, Yi people came to the mountain to collect herbs for disease prevention and treatment. In addition to loong boat race, Guizhou Miao Loong Boat Festival also held drum dance, singing and other activities. The Tibetan people celebrate the Loong Boat Festival. Young men and women go to the countryside for recreation, horse racing, singing and dancing, games and other activities. As a multi-ethnic folk festival, in addition to the positive meaning of avoiding plague and expelling poison, preventing disaster and eliminating disease since ancient times, it is inevitably mixed with many local customs. Because of this, the cultural significance of this folk festival is even stronger.
In many customs of Loong Boat Festival, the significance of hanging five-colorful silk is more complicated. Five-colorful silk is not colorful colored silk thread, but the combination of red, yellow, blue, white and black silk threads. On the 5th day of the fifth lunar month, adults tied it to their arms, or made it into five color silk bracelets, which were wrapped around children's wrists and feet, or hung on mosquito nets and cradles.
Five-colorful silk, also known as multicolored silk, can be tied to mosquito nets and cradles. As early as in the Eastern Han Dynasty, it has been recorded that it can be tied on the arm to avoid evil and not infected with disease and plague. The five colors of the five colored silk represent the five elements. The Han Dynasty believed in the theory of yin and Yang of the five elements. The five colors represent the five directions and have the mysterious function of exorcising evil and welcoming auspicious. Blue is wood, representing the East, red is fire, representing the south, yellow is soil, representing the center, white is gold, representing the west, black is water, representing the north. It is marked by animals, cyan loong in the East, Suzaku in the south, white tiger in the west, Xuan wu in the north, yellow loong in the center, all of which are spiritual beasts. The symbolic significance of five color silk is far more obvious than the actual function, because there is no specific explanation about why these colors can eliminate disasters and diseases. It can be seen that this is a magic thing with magic and symbol in the popular belief, which is obviously different from the medical functions of mugwort leaf, Acorus calamus, realgar, etc. used in festivals, and it is purely the need of popular belief for good luck.